Sunday, October 23, 2011

Max Müller. A paid employee, who translated the Rigved in a demeaning style. The hidden secrets of his life.

1. Max Müller was a British agent, especially employed (in 1847) to write the translations of the Vedas in such a demeaning way so that the Hindus should lose faith in them. His personal letter to his wife dated December 9, 1867 reveals this fact.

2. He was highly paid for this job. According to the statistical information given on page 214 of the “English Education, 1798-1902” by John William Adamson, printed by Cambridge University Press in 1930, the revised scale of a male teacher was £90 per year and for a woman, £60 in 1853. The present salary of a teacher in London is £14,000 to £36,000 per year, which averages a minimum of at least 200 times increase in the last 146 years. Max Müller was paid £4 per sheet of his writing which comes to £800 of today (1999). This is an incredibly high price for only one sheet of writing. But it’s the general law of business, that the price of a commodity increases with its demand. The British were in such an imperative need to get someone to do this job and Max Müller was the right person, so they paid whatever Max Müller asked for. His enthusiastic letter to his mother dated April 15, 1847 reveals this fact.

3. Max Müller’s letters dated August 25, 1856 and December 16, 1868 reveal the fact that he was desperate to bring Christianity into India so that the religion of the Hindus should be doomed.

His letters also reveal that:

4. He lived in poverty before he was employed by the British, (5) his duplicity in translation was praised by his superiors, and (6) in London, where he lived, there were a lot of orientalists working for the British.

Letters of Max Müller.
“The Life and Letters of Friedrich Max Müller.” First published in 1902 (London and N.Y.). Reprint in 1976 (USA).

1. TO HIS WIFE, OXFORD, December 9, 1867.

“…I feel convinced, though I shall not live to see it, that this edition of mine and the translation of the Veda will hereafter tell to a great extent on the fate of India, and on the growth of millions of souls in that country. It is the root of their religion, and to show them what that root is, I feel sure, the only way of uprooting all that has sprung from it during the last 3,000 years.”


“I can yet hardly believe that I have at last got what I have struggled for so long… I am to hand over to the Company, ready for press, fifty sheets each year; for this I have asked £200 a year, £4 a sheet. They have been considering the matter since December, and it was only yesterday that it was officially settled.”

“…In fact, I spent a delightful time, and when I reached London yesterday I found all settled, and I could say and feel, Thank God! Now I must at once send my thanks, and set to work to earn the first £100.”


“India is much riper for Christianity than Rome or Greece were at the time of St. Paul. The rotten tree has for some time had artificial supports… For the good of this struggle I should like to lay down my life, or at least to lend my hand to bring about this struggle. Dhulip Singh is much at Court, and is evidently destined to play a political part in India.”

TO THE DUKE OF ARGYLL. OXFORD, December 16, 1868.

“India has been conquered once, but India must be conquered again, and that second conquest should be a conquest by education. Much has been done for education of late, but if the funds were tripled and quadrupled, that would hardly be enough… A new national literature may spring up, impregnated with western ideas, yet retaining its native spirit and character… A new national literature will bring with it a new national life, and new moral vigour. As to religion, that will take care of itself. The missionaries have done far more than they themselves seem to be aware of.”

“The ancient religion of India is doomed, and if Christianity does not step in, whose fault will it be?”

4. (a) FROM THE DIARY OF MAX MÜLLER. PARIS. April 10, 1845.

“I get up early, have breakfast, i.e. bread and butter, no coffee. I stay at home and work till seven, go out and have dinner, come back in an hour and stay at home and work till I go to bed. I must live most economically and avoid every expense not actually necessary. The free lodging is an immense help, for unless one lives in a perfect hole… I have not been to any theatre, except one evening, when I had to pay 2 francs for a cup of chocolate, I thought ‘Never again’.”

(b) TO HIS MOTHER. PARIS, December 23, 1845.

“…instead of taking money from you, my dearest mother, I could have given you some little pleasure. But it was impossible, unless I sacrificed my whole future… I have again had to get 200 francs from Lederhose, and with the money you have just sent shall manage till January or February.”

5. On April 17, 1855, Bunsen wrote to thank Max Müller for an article on his

“You have so thoroughly adopted the English disguise that it will not be easy for any one to suspect you of having written this ‘curious article.’ It especially delights me to see how ingeniously you contrive to say what you announce you do not wish to discuss, i.e. the purport of the theology. In short, we are all of opinion that your cousin was right when she said of you in Paris to Neukomm, that you ought to be in the diplomatic service!”

6. TO HIS MOTHER. September 1, 1847.

“My rooms in London are delightful. In the same house lives Dr. Trithen, an orientalist, whom I knew in Paris, and who was once employed in the Office for Foreign Affairs in St. Petersburg. Then there are a great many other orientalists in London, who are mostly living near me, and we form an oriental colony from all parts of the world… We have a good deal of fun at our cosmopolitan tea-evenings.”

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(As on 23rd July, 2010)


Alphabetical List - Central Acts
Ti 1

Name of the Act Year Act No
----------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------
A Absorbed Areas (Laws) Act 1954 20
Acquired Territories (Merger) Act 1960 64
Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act 1993 33
Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance) Act 1957 58
Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Articles) Act 1978 40
Additional Emoluments (Compulsory Deposit) Act 1974 37
Administrative Tribunals Act 1985 13
Administrative Tribunal (Amendment) Act 1986 19
Administrators-General Act 1963 45
Advocates Act 1961 25
Advocates’ Welfare Fund Act 2001 45
African Development Bank Act 1983 13
African Development Fund Act 1982 01
Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export 1986 02
Development Authority Act, 1985
Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act 1937 01
Agriculturists' Loans Act 1884 12
Aircraft Act 1934 22
Airports Authority of India Act 1994 55
Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act 2008 27
Air Corporations (Transfer of Undertakings and Repeal) Act 1994 13
Air Force Act 1950 45
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 14
Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act 1987 47
Ajmer Tenancy and Land Records Act 1950 42
Alcock Ashdown Company Limited (Acquisition of Undertakings Act 1973 56
Aligarh Muslim University Act 1920 40
All-India Council for Technical Education Act 1987 52
All-India Institute of Medical Sciences Act 1956 25
All-India Services Act 1951 61
All-India Services Regulations (Indemnity) Act 1975 19
Aluminium Corporation of India Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1984 43
Aluminium) Undertaking Act
Amending Act 1897 05
Amending Act 1901 11
Amending Act 1903 01
Amritsar Oil Works (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1982 50
Anand Marriage Act 1909 07
Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 24
Ancient Monuments Preservation Act 1904 07
Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1959 56
Andhra Pradesh and Mysore (Transfer of Territory) Act 1968 36
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Act, 2005 2006 01
Andhra Scientific Company Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1982 71
Undertakings) Act
Andhra State Act 1953 30
Anti-Apartheid (United Nations Convention) Act 1981 48
Anti-Corruption Laws (Amendment) Act 1967 16
Anti-Hijacking Act 1982 65
Antiquities and Art Treasures Act 1972 52
Apprentices Act 1961 52
Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 26
Architects Act 1972 20
Armed Forces (Emergency Duties) Act 1947 15

Alphabetical List - Central Acts

Name of the Act Year Act No
----------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------
A Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act 1990 21
Armed Forces (Punjab and Chandigarh) Special Powers Act 1983 34
Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958 28
Armed Forces Tribunal Act 2007 55
Arms Act 1959 54
Army Act 1950 46
Army and Air Force (Disposal of Private Property) Act 1950 40
Arya Marriage Validation Act 1937 19
Asian Development Bank Act 1966 18
Asian Refractories Limited (Acquisition of Undertakings) Act 1971 65
Asiatic Society Act 1984 05
Assam (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1951 47
Assam Criminal Law Amendment (Supplementary) Act 1934 27
Assam Municipal (Manipur Amendment) Act 1961 49
Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act 1969 55
Assam Rifles Act 1941 05
Assam Rifle Act 2006 47
Assam Sillimanite Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Refractory Plant) Act 1976 22
Assam University Act 1989 23
Atomic Energy Act 1962 33
Actquaries Act 2006 35
Auroville Foundation Act 1988 54
Authoritative Texts (Central Laws) Act 1973 50

B Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University Act 1994 58
Banaras Hindu University Act 1915 16
Bangalore Marriages Validating Act 1936 16
Bankers' Books Evidence Act 1891 18
Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1970 05
Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1980 40
Banking Laws (Application to Co-operative Societies) Act 1965 23
Banking Laws (Amendment) Act 1985 81
Banking Regulation Act 1949 10
Bar Councils (Validation of State Laws) Act 1956 04
Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act 1966 32
Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Amendment Act 1993 41
Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act 1976 56
Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act 1976 62
Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act 1988 45
Bengal, Agra and Assam Civil Courts Act 1887 12
Bengal Alluvion and Diluvion Act 1847 09
Bengal, Bihar and Orissa and Assam Laws Act 1912 07
Bengal Bonded Warehouse Association Act 1838 05
Bengal Bonded Warehouse Association Act 1854 05
Bengal Chaukidari Act 1856 20
Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works Limited (Acquisition and 1980 58
Transfer of Undertakings) Act
Bengal Criminal Law Amendment (Supplementary) Act 1925 ..
Bengal Districts Act 1836 21
Bengal Embankment Act 1855 32
Bengal Finance (Sales Tax) (Delhi Validation of Appointments and 1971 20
Proceedings) Act
Bengal Ghatwali Lands Act 1859 05
Bengal Immunity Company Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1984 57
Undertakings) Act
Bengal Indigo Contracts Act 1836 10
Bengal Land Holders' Attendance Act 1848 20
Alphabetical List - Central Acts

Name of the Act Year Act No
----------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------
B Bengal Land Revenue Sales Act 1841 12
Bengal Land Revenue Sales Act 1859 11
Bengal Military Police Act 1892 05
Bengal Rent Act 1859 10
Bengal Suppression of Terrorist Outrages (Supplementary) Act 1932 24
Bengal Tenancy Act 1885 08
Berar Laws Act 1941 04
Betwa River Board (Amendment) Act 1993 49
Betwa River Board Act 1976 63
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited 1988 44
(Determination of Conditions of Service of Employees) Act
Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster (Processing of Claims) Act 1985 21
Bihar Land Reforms Laws (Regulating Mines and Minerals) Validation Act 1969 42
Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 2000 30
Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1968 24
Bihar Value Added Tax Act 2005 27
Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956 40
Bikrama Singh's Estates Act 1883 10
Biological Diversity Act, 2002 2003 18
Bird and Company Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings and 1980 67
Other Properties) Act
Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1886 06
Bolani Ores Limited (Acquisition of Shares) and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1978 42
Bombay Civil Courts Act 1869 14
Bombay Municipal Debentures Act 1876 15
Bombay Public Security Measures (Delhi Amendment) Act 1948 52
Bombay Rent-free Estates Act 1852 11
Bombay Reorganisation Act 1960 11
Bombay Revenue Jurisdiction Act 1876 10
Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976 19
Border Security Force Act 1968 47
Boundaries 1847 01
Boundary-marks, Bombay 1846 03
Brahmaputra Board Act 1980 46
Braithwaite and Company (India) Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1976 96
Undertakings) Act
Brentford Electric (India) Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1987 36
Undertakings) Act
Britannia Engineering Company Limited (Mokameh Unit) and the Arthur 1978 41
Butler and Company (Muzaffarpore) Limited (Acquisition and Transfer
of Undertakings) Act
British India Corporation Limited (Acquisition of Shares) Act 1981 29
British Statutes (Application to India) Repeal Act 1960 57
Broach and Kaira Incumbered Estates Act 1877 14
Bronze Coin (Legal Tender) Act 1918 22
Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment 1996 27
and Conditions of Service) Act
Building and Other Construction Workers' Welfare Cess Act 1996 28
Bureau of Indian Standards Act 1986 63
Burmah Oil Company [Acquisition of Shares of Oil India Limited and of the 1981 41
Undertakings in India of Assam Oil Company Limited and the Burmah Oil
Company (India Trading) Limited] Act
Burmah Shell (Acquisition of Undertakings in India) Act 1976 02
Burn Company and Indian Standard Wagon Company (Nationalisation) Act 1976 97
C Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act 1995 07
Alphabetical List - Central Acts

Name of the Act Year Act No
----------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------
C Calcutta High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction) Act 1953 41
Calcutta High Court (Jurisdictional Limits) Act 1919 15
Calcutta Land-revenue Act 1850 23
Calcutta Land-revenue Act 1856 18
Calcutta Metro Railway (Operation and Maintenance) Temporary 1985 10
Provisions Act
Calcutta Pilots Act 1859 12
Calcutta Port (Pilotage) Act 1948 33
Caltex [Acquisition of Shares of Caltex Oil Refining (India) Limited and 1977 17
of the Undertakings in India of Caltex (India) Limited] Act
Cantonments (Extension of Rent Control Laws) Act 1957 46
Cantonments (House Accommodation) Act 1923 06
Cantonments Act 1924 02
Cantonments Act 2006 41
Capital of Punjab Development and Regulation (Chandigarh Amendment) Act 1973 17
Cardamom Act 1965 42
Carriage by Air Act 1972 69
Carriage by Air (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 28
Carriage by Road Act,2007 2007 41
Carriers Act 1865 03
Caste Disabilities Removal Act 1850 21
Cattle-trespass Act 1871 01
Census Act 1948 37
Central Agricultural University Act 1992 40
Central Boards of Revenue Act 1963 54
Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission)Act 2007 05 Central Excises Act 1944 01 Central Excises and Salt (Amendment) Act 1985 79
Central Excise Tariff Act, 1985 1986 05
Central Excises (Conversion to Metric Units) Act 1960 38
Central Industrial Security Force (Amendment and Validation) Act 1999 40
Central Industrial Security Force Act 1968 50
Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act 1970 51
Central Laws (Extension to Arunachal Pradesh) Act 1993 44
Central Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act 1968 25
Central Provinces Court of Wards Act 1899 24
Central Provinces Financial Commissioner's Act 1908 13
Central Provinces Land-revenue Act 1881 18
Central Provinces Laws Act 1875 20
Central Provinces Tenancy Act 1898 11
Central Road Fund Act 2000 54
Central Reserve Police Force Act 1949 66
Central Sales Tax (Amendment) Act 1969 28
Central Sales Tax Act 1956 74
Central Silk Board Act 1948 61
Central Universities Act, 2009 2009 25
Central Universities (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 38
Central Vigilance Commission Act 2003 45
Cess and Other Taxes on Minerals (Validation) Act 1992 16
Chandernagore (Merger) Act 1954 36
Chandigarh (Delegation of Powers) Act, 1987 1988 02
Chandigarh Disturbed Areas Act 1983 33
Chaparmukh Silghat Railway Line and the Katakhal Lalabazar Railway Line 1982 36
(Nationalisation) Act
Charitable Endowments Act 1890 06
Charitable and Religious Trusts Act 1920 14
Chartered Accountants Act 1949 38
Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000 2000 34
Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 61
Alphabetical List - Central Acts

Name of the Act Year Act No
------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------
Children (Pledging of Labour) Act 1933 02
Chit Funds Act 1982 40
Chota Nagpur Encumbered Estates Act 1876 06
Church of Scotland Kirk Sessions Act 1899 23
Cigarettes (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act 1975 49
Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and 2003 34
Regulation of Trade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution) Act
Cinematograph Act 1918 02
Cinematograph Act 1952 37
Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act 1981 50
Cine-Workers Welfare Cess Act 1981 30
Cine-Workers Welfare Fund Act 1981 33
Citizenship Act 1955 57
City of Bombay Municipal (Supplementary) Act 1888 12
Civil Defence Act 1968 27
Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act 1957 20
Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Amendment and 1971 54
Validation Act
Coal India (Regulation of Transfers and Validation) Act 2000 45
Coal Mines (Conservation and Development) Act 1974 28
Coal Mines (Nationalisation) Act 1973 26
Coal Mines Labour Welfare Fund (Repeal) Act 1986 27
Coal Mines Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1948 46
Coal Mines (Taking Over of Management) Act 1973 15
Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act 2005 24
Coast Guard Act 1978 30
Coasting Vessels Act 1838 19
Coconut Development Board Act 1979 05
Code of Civil Procedure 1908 05
Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 1974 02
Coffee Act 1942 07
Coinage Act 1906 03
Coir Industry Act 1953 45
Coking Coal Mines (Emergency Provisions) Act 1971 64
Coking Coal Mines (Nationalisation) Act 1972 36
Collection of Statistics Act 1953 32
Collection of Statistics Act 2009 07
Colonial Courts of Admiralty (India) Act 1891 16
Commanders-in-Chief (Change in Designation) Act 1955 19
Commercial Documents Evidence Act 1939 30
Commissions for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2006 2006 04
Commissions of Inquiry Act 1952 60
Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987 1988 03
Companies Act 1956 01
Companies (Amendment) Act 1988 31
Companies (Donations to National Funds) Act 1951 54
Companies (Profits) Surtax Act 1964 07
Company Secretaries Act 1980 56
Competition Act, 2002 2003 12
Competition (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 39
Comptroller and Auditor General's (Duties, Powers and Conditions of 1971 56 Service) Act
Compulsory Deposit Scheme Act 1963 21
Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of 1974 52
Smuggling Activities Act
Consumer Protection Act 1986 68
Contempt of Courts Act 1971 70
Contingency Fund of India Act 1950 49
Alphabetical List - Central Acts


Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
C Continuance of Legal Proceedings Act 1948 38
Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act 1970 37
Control of National Highways (Land and Traffic) Act, 2002 2003 13
Converts' Marriage Dissolution Act 1866 21
Cooch-Behar (Assimilation of Laws) Act 1950 67
Co-operative Societies Act 1912 02
Copyright Act 1957 14
Coroners Act 1871 04
Cost and Works Accountants Act 1959 23
Cotton Copra and Vegetable Oils Cess (Abolition) Act 1987 04
Court-fees Act 1870 07
Court-fees (Delhi Amendment) Act 1967 28
Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act 2005 30
Criminal and Election Laws Amendment Act 1969 35
Criminal Law Amendment Act 1932 23
Criminal Law Amendment Act 1938 20
Criminal Law Amendment Act 1961 23
Customs Act 1962 52
Customs (Amendment) Act 1985 80
Customs and Central Excise Laws (Repeal) Act 2004 25
Customs Duties and Cesses (Conversion to Metric Units) Act 1960 40
Customs Tariff Act 1975 51
Cutchi Memons Act 1938 10
D Dadra and Nagar Haveli Act 1961 35
Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha Act 1964 14
Dalmia Dadri Cement Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1981 31
Damodar Valley Corporation Act 1948 14
Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act 1983 35
Decrees and Orders Validating Act 1936 05
Dehra Dun 1871 21
Dekkhan Agriculturists Relief Act 1879 17
Delhi Agricultural Produce Marketing (Regulation) Act 1976 87
Delhi and Ajmer-Merwara Land Development Act 1948 66
Delhi and Ajmer Rent Control Act 1952 38
Delhi and Ajmer Rent Control (Nasirabad Cantonment Repeal) Act 1968 49
Delhi Apartment Ownership Act 1986 58
Delhi Co-operative Societies Act 1972 35
Delhi Delegation of Powers Act 1964 23
Delhi Development Act 1957 61
Delhi Development Authority (Validation of Disciplinary Powers) Act, 1998 1999 06
Delhi Fire Prevention and Fire Safety Act 1986 56
Delhi High Court Act 1966 26
Delhi High Court (Amendment) Act 1980 37
Delhi Hotels (Control of Accommodation) Act 1949 24
Delhi Land Holdings (Ceiling) Act 1960 24
Delhi Lands (Restriction on Transfer) Act 1972 30
Delhi Laws Act 1912 13
Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Act 2006 22
Delhi Laws Act 1915 07
Delhi Metro Railways (Operation and Maintenance) Act 2002 60
Delhi Motor Vehicles Taxation Act 1962 57
Delhi Police Act 1978 34
Delhi Primary Education Act 1960 39
Delhi Rent Act 1995 33

Alphabetical List - Central Acts


Name of the Act Year Act No
-------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------
D Delhi Rent Control Act 1958 59
Delhi Restriction of Uses of Land Act 1941 12
Delhi Road Transport Laws (Amendment) Act 1971 71
Delhi Sales Tax Act 1975 43
Delhi Sales Tax (Amendment and Validation) Act 1976 91
Delhi School Education Act 1973 18
Delhi Sikh Gurdwaras Act 1971 82
Delhi Special Police Establishment Act 1946 25
Delhi University Act 1922 08
Delhi (Urban Areas) Tenants' Relief Act 1961 30
Delhi Urban Art Commission Act, 1973 1974 01
Delimitation Act 2002 33
Delivery of Books and Newspapers (Public Libraries) Act 1954 27
Dentists Act 1948 16
Departmental Inquiries (Enforcement of Attendance of Witnesses and 1972 18
Production of Documents) Act
Departmentalisation of Union Accounts (Transfer of Personnel) Act 1976 59
Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation Act 1961 47
Deposit Insurance Corporation (Amendment and Miscellaneous 1978 21
Provisions) Act
Depositories Act 1996 22
Designs Act 2000 16
Destruction of Records Act 1917 05
Destructive Insects and Pests Act 1914 02
Destructive Insects and Pests (Amendment and Validation) Act 1992 12
Diplomatic and Consular Officers (Oaths and Fees) Act 1948 41
Diplomatic and Consular Officers (Oaths and Fees) (Extension to Jammu 1973 02
and Kashmir) Act
Diplomatic Relations (Vienna Convention) Act 1972 43
Direct Tax Laws (Amendment) Act 1989 03
Direct-Tax Laws (Miscellaneous) Repeal Act 2000 20
Disaster Management Act 2005 53
Displaced Persons (Debts Adjustment) Act 1951 70
Disputed Elections (Prime Minister and Speaker) Act 1977 16
Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act 1939 08
Disturbed Areas (Special Courts) Act 1976 77
Divorce Act 1869 04
Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act 1948 09
Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) (Inapplicability to Major 1997 31
Ports) Act
Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act 1986 54
Dourine Act 1910 05
Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 28
Dramatic Performances Act 1876 19
Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 23
Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act 1954 21
Drugs (Control) Act 1950 26
Durgah Khawaja Saheb Act 1955 36
E Easements (Extending Act 5 of 1882) 1891 08
East-Punjab Urban Rent Restriction (Extension to Chandigarh) Act 1974 54
Economic Offences (Inapplicability of Limitation) Act 1974 12
Election Commission (Conditions of Service of Election Commissioners 1991 11
and Transaction of Business) Act
Election Laws (Extension to Sikkim) Act 1976 10

Alphabetical List - Central Acts

Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
E Electricity Act 2003 36
Elephants' Preservation Act 1879 06
Emblems and Names (Prevention of Improper Use) Act 1950 12
Emigration Act 1983 31
Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952 19
Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions (Amendment) Act 1988 33
Employees' State Insurance Act 1948 34
Employees' State Insurance (Amendment) Act 1989 29
Employers' Liability Act 1938 24
Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959 31
Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines 1993 46
(Prohibition) Act
Enemy Property Act 1968 34
English and Foreign Languages University Act 2007 07
Energy Conservation Act 2001 52
Environment (Protection) Act 1986 29
Epidemic Diseases Act 1897 03
Equal Remuneration Act 1976 25
Essential Commodities Act 1955 10
Essential Commodities (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2009 2009 36
Essential Services Maintenance (Assam) Act 1980 41
Esso (Acquisition of Undertakings in India) Act 1974 04
Exchange of Prisoners Act 1948 58
Excise (Malt Liquors) Act 1890 13
Excise (Spirits) Act 1863 16
Expenditure-tax Act 1987 35
Explosive Substances Act 1908 06
Explosives Act 1884 04
Export-Import Bank of India Act 1981 28
Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act 1963 22
Extradition Act 1962 34
F Factories Act 1948 63
Family Courts Act 1984 66
Faridabad Development Corporation Act 1956 90
Fatal Accidents Act 1855 13
Finance Commission (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1951 33
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act 2003 39
Food Corporations Act 1964 37
Food Safety and Standards Act 2006 34
Foreign Aircraft (Exemption from Taxes and Duties on Fuel and Lubricants) 2002 36
Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act 1976 49
Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 42
Foreign Jurisdiction Act 1947 47
Foreign Marriage Act 1969 33
Foreign Recruiting Act 1874 04
Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act 1992 22
Foreigners Act 1946 31
Foreigners Law (Application and Amendment) Act 1962 42
Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 69
Forfeited Deposits Act 1850 25
Former Secretary of State Service Officers (Conditions of Service) Act 1972 59
Fort William Act 1881 13
Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act 1952 74
Futwah-Islampur Light Railway Line (Nationalisation) Act 1985 83

Alphabetical List - Central Acts


Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
G Ganesh Flour Mills Company Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1984 16
Undertakings) Act
Ganges Tolls 1867 01
General Clauses Act 1897 10
General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Act 1972 57
General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Act 1985 03
Geneva Conventions Act 1960 06
Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act 1999 48
Gift-tax Act 1958 18
Glanders and Farcy Act 1899 13
Gram Nyayalayas Act 2009 04
Goa, Daman and Diu (Absorbed Employees) Act 1965 50 Goa, Daman and Diu (Administration) Act 1962 01
Goa, Daman and Diu (Extension of the Code of Civil Procedure and the 1965 30
Arbitration Act) Act
Goa, Daman and Diu Mining Concessions (Abolition and Declaration as 1987 16
Mining Leases) Act
Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganisation Act 1987 18
Gold Bonds (Immunities and Exemptions) Act 1993 25
Government Buildings Act 1899 04
Government Grants Act 1895 15
Government Management of Private Estates Act 1892 10
Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 1992 01
Government of Union Territories Act 1963 20
Government Savings Banks Act 1873 05
Government Savings Certificates Act 1959 46
Government Seal Act 1862 03
Governent Securities Act 2006 38
Governors (Emoluments, Allowances and Privileges) Act 1982 43
Gresham and Craven of India (Private) Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1977 42
Undertakings) Act
Guardians and Wards Act 1890 08
H Hackney-carriage Act 1879 14
Haj Committee Act 2002 35
Handlooms (Reservation of Articles for Production) Act 1985 22
Haryana and Punjab Agricultural Universities Act 1970 16
Haryana and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1979 31
High Court and Bombay (Extension of Jurisdiction to Goa, Daman and 1981 26
Diu) Act
High Court at Patna (Establishment of a Permanent Bench at Ranchi) Act 1976 57
High Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act 1954 28
High Courts (Seals) Act 1950 07
High Denomination Bank Notes (Demonetisation) Act 1978 11
Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act 1954 32
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Constitution and Proceedings) 1958 56
Validation Act
Hind Cycles Limited and Sen-Raleigh Limited (Nationalisation) Act 1980 70
Hindi Sahitya Sammelan Act 1962 13
Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act 1956 78
Hindu Disposition of Property Act 1916 15
Hindu Gains of Learning Act 1930 30
Hindu Inheritance (Removal of Disabilities) Act 1928 12
Hindu Marriage Act 1955 25
Hindu Marriages (Validation of Proceedings) Act 1960 19
Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act 1956 32

Alphabetical List - Central Acts

PAGE: 10

Name of the Act Year Act No
-- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------H Hindu Succession Act 1956 30
Hindustan Tractors Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1978 13
Homoeopathy Central Council Act 1973 59
Hooghly Docking and Engineering Company Limited (Acquisition and 1984 55
Transfer of Undertakings) Act
Hotel-Receipts Tax Act 1980 54
Howrah Offences Act 1857 21
I Identification of Prisoners Act 1920 33
Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Act 1983 39*
Immigration (Carriers’ Liability) Act 2000 52
Immigrants (Expulsion from Assam) Act 1950 10
Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956 104
Imperial Library (Change of Name) Act 1948 51
Improvements in Towns 1850 26
Inchek Tyres Limited and National Rubber Manufacturers Limited 1984 17
(Nationalisation) Act
Income-tax Act 1961 43
Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act 1986 60
Indian Bar Councils Act 1926 38
Indian Bills of Lading Act 1856 09
Indian Boilers Act 1923 05
Indian Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1925 26
Indian Christian Marriage Act 1872 15
Indian Council of World Affairs Act 2001 29 Indian Contract Act 1872 09
Indian Copper Corporation (Acquisition of Undertaking) Act 1972 58
Indian Criminal Law Amendment Act 1908 14
Indian Easements Act 1882 05
Indian Evidence Act 1872 01
Indian Fisheries Act 1897 04
Indian Forest Act 1927 16
Indian Independence Pakistan Courts (Pending Proceedings) Act 1952 09
Indian Iron and Steel Company (Acquisition of Shares) Act 1976 89
Indian Law Reports Act 1875 18
Indian Maritime University Act,2008 2008 22
Indian Matrimonial Causes (War Marriages) Act 1948 40
Indian Medical Council Act 1956 102
Indian Medical Degrees Act 1916 07
Indian Medicine Central Council Act 1970 48
Indian Museum Act 1910 10
Indian Naval Armament Act 1923 07
Indian Nursing Council Act 1947 48
Indian Partnership Act 1932 09
Indian Penal Code 1860 45
Indian Ports Act 1908 15
Indian Post Office Act 1898 06
Indian Railway Board Act 1905 04
Indian Red Cross Society Act 1920 15
Indian Reserve Forces Act 1888 04
*(Struck down by Supreme Court in Saarbananda Sonowal V/S Union of India (2005) 5 Supreme Court Cases 665

Alphabetical List - Central Acts

PAGE: 11

Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
I Indian Short Titles Act 1897 14
Indian Soldiers (Litigation) Act 1925 04
Indian Stamp Act 1899 02
Indian Statistical Institute Act 1959 57
Indian Succession Act 1925 39
Indian Telegraph Act 1885 13
Indian Tolls Act 1851 08
Indian Tolls Act 1888 08
Indian Tolls Act 1864 15
Indian Tolls (Army and Air Force) Act 1901 02
Indian Tramways Act 1886 11
Indian Tramways Act 1902 04
Indian Treasure-trove Act 1878 06
Indian Trusts Act 1882 02
Indian Veterinary Council Act 1984 52
Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act 1933 17
Indian Rifles (Repeal) Act 2006 49
Indira Gandhi National Open University Act 1985 50
Indira Gandhi National Tribal University Act 2007 52
Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act 1992 35
Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act 2003 53
Industrial Disputes Act 1947 14
Industrial Disputes (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1956 36
Industrial Disputes (Banking and Insurance Companies) Act 1949 54
Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1946 20
Industrial Finance Corporation (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act 1993 23
Industrial Reconstruction Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act 1997 07
Industrial Reconstruction Bank of India Act 1984 62
Industries (Development and Regulation) Act 1951 65
Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and 1992 41
Infant Foods (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Act
Inflammable Substances Act 1952 20
Information Technology Act 2000 21
Inland Vessels Act 1917 01
Inland Waterways Authority of India Act 1985 82
Insecticides Act 1968 46
Institutes of Technology Act 1961 59
Insurance Act 1938 04
Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act 1999 41
Intelligence Organisations (Restriction on Rights) Act 1985 58
Interest Act 1978 14
Industrial Undertakings Act [Rep. by Act 27 of 2006 (w.e.f. date to be notified)]
Interest-tax Act 1974 45
International Development Association (Status, Immunities and Privileges) Act 1960 32
International Finance Corporation (Status, Immunities and Privileges) Act 1958 42
International Monetary Fund and Bank Act 1945 00
Inter-State Corporation Act 1957 38
Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions 1979 30
of Service) Act
Inter-State River Water Disputes Act 1956 33
Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare 1976 55
Cess Act
Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare 1976 61
Fund Act
Indian Maritime University Act, 2008 2008 22

Alphabetical List - Central Acts

PAGE: 12

Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
J Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act 1951 25
Jamia Millia Islamia Act 1988 58
Jammu and Kashmir (Extension of Laws) Act 1956 62
Jammu and Kashmir Representation of the People (Supplementary) Act 1968 03
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, 2008 19
Puducherry Act
Jawaharlal Nehru University Act 1966 53
Jayanti Shipping Company (Acquisition of Shares) Act 1971 63
Jharkhand Contingency Fund (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 37
Jubbalpore and Chhattisgarh Divisions (Divorce Proceedings Validation) Act 1935 13
Judges (Inquiry) Act 1968 51
Judges (Protection) Act 1985 59
Judicial Officers Protection Act 1850 18
Junagarh Administration (Property) Act 1948 26
Jute Companies (Nationalisation) Act 1980 62
Jute Manufactures Cess Act 1983 28
Jute Manufacturers Development Council Act 1983 27
Jute Packaging Materials (Compulsory Use in Packing Commodities) Act 1987 10
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 56
K Kalakshetra Foundation Act, 1993 1994 06
Kazis Act 1880 12
Khaddar (Protection of Name) Act 1950 78
Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act 1956 61
Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library Act 1969 43
King of Oudh's Estate Act 1887 19
King of Oudh's Estate Act 1888 14
King of Oudh's Estate Validation Act 1917 12
Konkan Passenger Ships (Acquisition) Act 1973 62
Kosangas Company (Acquisition of Undertakings) Act 1979 28
L Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers 1988 51
by certain Establishments) Act
Lady Hardinge Medical College and Hospital (Acquisition and Miscellaneous 1977 34
Provisions) Act
Lalitkala Akademi (Taking Over of Management) Act 1997 17
Land Acquisition Act 1894 01
Land Acquisition (Amendment) Act 1962 31
Land Acquisition (Amendment and Validation) Act 1967 13
Land Acquisition (Mines) Act 1885 18
Land Improvement Loans Act 1883 19
Laws Local Extent Act 1874 15
Laxmirattan and Atherton West Cotton Mills (Taking over of Management)Act 1976 98
Leaders of Chief Whips of Recognised Parties and Groups in Parliament 1999 05
(Facilities) Act, 1998
Legal Metrology Act 2010 01
Legal Practitioners Act 1879 18
Legal Practitioners (Fees) Act 1926 21
Legal Practitioners (Women) Act 1923 23
Legal Representatives' Suits Act 1855 12
Legal Services Authorities Act 1987 39
Legal Tender (Inscribed Notes) Act 1964 28
Legislative Assembly of Nagaland (Change in Representation) Act 1968 61
Legislative Councils Act 1957 37
Lepers Act 1898 03
Levy Sugar Price Equalisation Fund Act 1976 31
Life Insurance Corporation Act 1956 31
Life Insurance Corporation (Modification of Settlement) Act 1976 72
Light House Act 1927 17

Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 13
Name of the Act Year Act No
--------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------- ------------- --------
L Limestone and Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act 1972 62
Limited Liability Partnership Act 2009 06
Limitation Act 1963 36
Live-stock Importation Act 1898 09
Local Authorities Loans Act 1914 09
Local Authorities Pensions and Gratuities Act 1919 01
Lok Sahayak Sena Act 1956 53
Lotteries (Regulation) Act 1998 17
Lushai Hills District (Change of Name) Act 1954 18
M Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2000 28
Madras, Bengal and Bombay Children (Supplementary) Act 1925 35
Madras City Civil Court Act 1892 07
Madras City Land Revenue Act 1851 12
Madras Civil Courts Act 1873 03
Madras Compulsory Labour Act 1858 01
Madras District Police Act 1859 24
Madras Forest (Validation) Act 1882 21
Madras Public Property Malversation Act 1837 36
Madras Rent and Revenue Sales Act 1839 07
Madras Revenue Commissioner Act 1849 10
Madras Uncovenated Officers' Act 1857 07
Mahatama Gandhi Antarashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya Act, 1996 1997 03
Mahendra Pratap Singh Estate (Repeal) Act 1960 48
Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act 2007 56
Maintenance Orders Enforcement Act 1921 18
Major Port Trusts Act 1963 38
Majority Act 1875 09
Mangrol and Manavadar (Administration of Property) Act 1949 02
Manipur and Tripura (Repeal of Laws) Act 1958 35
Manipur (Courts) Act 1955 56
Manipur (Hill Areas District Council) Act 1971 76
Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms Act 1960 33
Manipur Municipalities Act 1994 43
Manipur Panchayati Raj Act 1994 26
Manipur (Sales of Motor Spirit and Lubricants) Taxation Act 1962 55
Manipur University Act 2005 54
Manipur (Village Authorities in Hill Areas) Act 1956 80
Manoeuvres, Field Firing and Artillery Practice Act 1938 05
Marine Insurance Act 1963 11
Marine Products Export Development Authority Act 1972 13
Maritime Zones of India (Regulation of Fishing by Foreign Vessels) Act 1981 42
Marking of Heavy Packages Act 1951 39
Marriages Validation Act 1892 02
Married Women's Property Act 1874 03
Married Women's Property (Extension) Act 1959 61
Maruti Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1980 64
Maternity Benefit Act 1961 53
Maulana Azad National Urdu University Act, 1996 1997 02
Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971 34
Medicinal and Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act 1955 16
Mental Health Act 1987 14
Merchant Shipping Act 1958 44
Merchant Shipping (Amendment) Act 1986 33
Merchant Shipping (Amendment) Act 1987 13
Merged States (Laws) Act 1949 59
Metal Corporation (Nationalisation and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1976 100
Metal Tokens Act 1889 01
Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 14
Name of the Act Year Act No
-- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------
M Metro Railways (Construction of Works) Act 1978 33
Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act 1946 22
Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 2006 27
Mines Act 1952 35
Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation ) Act 1957 67
Minimum Wages Act 1948 11
Mirzapur Stone Mahal Act 1886 05
Miscellaneous Personal Laws (Extension) Act 1959 48
Mizoram University Act 2000 08
Mogul Line Limited (Acquisition of Shares) Act 1984 33
Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act 1969 54
Motor Transport Workers Act 1961 27
Motor Vehicles Act 1988 59
Multimodal Transportation of Goods Act 1993 28
Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act 2002 39
Municipal Taxation Act 1881 11
Murshidabad Act 1891 15
Murshidabad Estate Administration Act 1933 23
Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act 1937 26
Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act 1986 25
Mussalman Wakf Act 1923 42
Mussalman Wakf Validating Act 1913 06
Mussalman Wakf Validating Act 1930 32
N. Naga Hills-Tuensang Area Act 1957 42
Nagaland University Act 1989 35
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act 1985 61
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act 1981 61
National Cadet Corps Act 1948 31
National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) 2007 43
National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions)
Act, 2009 2009 24
National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Second
Act, 2009 2009 40
National Capital Region Planning Board Act 1985 02
National Commission for Backward Classes Act 1993 27
National Commission for Minorities Act 1992 19
National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004 2005 02
National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act 1993 64
National Commission for Women Act 1990 20
National Company (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act 1980 42
National Co-operative Development Corporation Act 1962 26
National Council for Teacher Education Act 1993 73
National Dairy Development Board Act 1987 37
National Environment Appellate Authority Act 1997 22
National Environment Tribunal Act 1995 27
National Green Tribunal Act 2010 19
National Highways Act 1956 48
National Highways Authority of India Act 1988 68
National Housing Bank Act 1987 53
National Institute of Fashion Technology Act 2006 28
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Act 1998 13
National Investigation Agency Act 2008 34
National Jute Board Act, 2008 2009 12
National Library of India Act 1976 76
National Oil Seeds and Vegetable Oils Development Board Act 1983 29
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 42
National Rural Employment Guarantee (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 46
National Rural Employment Guarantee (Extension to Jammu And Kashmir) Act 2007 23
National Institutes of Technology Act. 2007 29
National Security Act 1980 65
National Security Guard Act 1986 47
National Service Act 1972 28
National Tax Tribunal Act 2005 49

National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, the National Hydro-Electric 1993 24
Power Corporation Limited and the North-Eastern Electric Power Corporation
Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Power Transmission Systems) Act
Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 15
Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, 1999 44
Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act

N National Waterway (Allahabad-Haldia Stretch of the 1982 49
Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River) Act
National Waterway (Kollam-Kottapuram Stretch of 1992 25
West Coast Canal and Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals) Act
National Waterway (Sadiya-Dhubri Stretch of the Brahmaputra River) Act 1988 40
National Waterway (Talcher-Dhamra Stretch of Rivers, Geonkhali-Charbatia 2008 23
Stretch of East Coast Canal, Charbatia-Dhamra Stretch of Matai River and
Mahanadi Delta Rivers) Act,2008
National Waterway (Kakinadi-Puducherry Stretch of Canals and the Kaluvelly 2008 24
Tank, Bhadrachalam-Rajahmundary Stretch of River Godavari and Wazirabad-
Vijayawada Stretch of River Krishna) Act, 2008
Naval and Aircraft Prize Act 1971 59
Navy Act 1957 62
Negotiable Instruments Act 1881 26
New Delhi Municipal Council Act 1994 44
Newspaper (Price and Page) Act 1956 45
Newspaper (Price and Page Continuance) Act 1961 36
Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (Acquisition 1994 56
and Transfer of Power Transmission System) Act
North-Eastern Area (Reorganisation) Act 1971 81
North-Eastern Council Act 1971 84
North-Eastern Hill University Act 1973 24
North-Eastern Provinces Village and Road Police Act 1873 16
Northern India Canal and Drainage Act 1873 08
Northern India Ferries Act 1878 17
Notaries Act 1952 53
OOaths ct 1969 44
Obstructions in Fairways Act 1881 16
Official Languages Act 1963 19
Official Secrets Act 1923 19
Official Trustees Act 1913 02
Offshore Areas Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 2002 2003 17
Oil and Natural Gas Commission (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act 1993 65
Oil Fields (Regulation and Development) Act 1948 53
Oil Industry (Development) Act 1974 47
Opium and Revenue Laws (Extension of Application) Act 1950 33
Oriental Gas Company 1857 05
Oriental Gas Company 1867 11
Orissa Weights and Measures (Delhi Repeal) Act 1958 57
Orphanages and Other Charitable Homes (Supervision and Control) Act 1960 10
Oudh Estates Act 1869 01
Oudh Laws Act 1876 18
Oudh Sub-settlement Act 1866 26
Oudh Taluqdars' Relief Act 1870 24
Oudh Wasikas Act 1886 21
P Parel Investment and Trading Private Limited and Domestic Gas Private 2005 14
Limited (Taking Over of Management) Repeal Act
Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act 1959 10
Parliamentary Proceedings (Protection of Publication) Act 1977 15
Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act 1936 03
Part B States (Laws) Act 1951 03
Part B States Marriages Validating Act 1952 01
Part C States Miscellaneous Laws (Repealing) Act 1951 66
Parliamentary Proceedings (Protection of Publication) Repeal Act 1976 28
Partition Act 1893 04
Partition of Revenue-paying Estates 1863 19
Passport (Entry into India) Act 1920 34
Passports Act 1967 15
Patents Act 1970 39

Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 16
Name of the Act Year Act No
-------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------------
P Payment and Settlement Systems Acr 2007 51
Payment of Bonus Act 1965 21
Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 39
Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Act 1987 22
Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 47
Payment of Wages Act 1936 04
Pensions Act 1871 23
Personal Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act 1963 37
Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full 1996 01
Participation) Act, 1995
Petroleum Act 1934 30
Petroleum and Minerals Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of User in Land) Act 1962 50
Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board, Act 2006 19
Pharmacy Act 1948 08
Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act 1991 42
Plantations Labour Act 1951 69
Poisons Act 1919 12
Police Act 1861 05
Police Act 1888 03
Police Act 1949 64
Police, Agra 1854 16
Police Forces (Restriction of Rights) Act 1966 33
Police (Incitement to Disaffection) Act 1922 22
Pondicherry (Administration) Act 1962 49
Pondicherry (Extension of Laws) Act 1968 26
Pondicherry University Act 1985 53
Pondichery (Alteration of Name) Act 2006 44
Porahat Estate Act 1893 02
Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Act 1966 51
Post Office Cash Certificates Act 1917 18
Powers-of-Attorney Act 1882 07
Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act 1990 25
Preference Shares (Regulation of Dividend) Act 1960 63
Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of 1994 57
Sex Selection) Act
Presidency Small Cause Courts Act 1882 15
Presidency-towns Insolvency Act 1909 03
President (Discharge of Functions) Act 1969 16
Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act 1952 31
President's Emoluments and Pension Act 1951 30
Press and Registration of Books Act 1867 25
Press Council Act 1978 37
Prevention and Control of Infections and Contagious Diseases in
Animals Act, 2009 2009 27
Prevention of Blackmarketing and Maintenance of Supplies of Essential 1980 07
Commodities Act
Prevention of Corruption Act 1988 49
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960 59
Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act 1984 03
Prevention of Food Adulteration Act 1954 37
Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 2003 15
Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act 1988 46
Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act 1971 69
Prevention of Seditious Meetings Act 1911 10
Prevention of Terrorism (Repeal) Act 2004 26
Prisoners Act 1900 03
Prisoners (Attendance in Courts) Act 1955 32
Prisons Act 1894 09
Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act 2005 29
Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 17
Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
P Prize Chits and Money Circulation Scheme (Banning) Act 1978 43
Prize Competitions Act 1955 42
Probation of Offenders Act 1958 20
Produce Cess Laws (Abolition) Action, 2006 2006 46
Professions Tax Limitation (Amendment and Validation) Act 1949 61
Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2007 06
Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 22
Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 1994 10
Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Right Act 2001 53
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005 43
Provident Funds Act 1925 19
Provincial Insolvency Act 1920 05
Provincial Small Cause Courts Act 1887 09
Provisional Collection of Taxes Act 1931 16
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act 1996 40
` Public Accountants' Defaults Act 1850 12
Public Debt Act 1944 18
Public Employment (Requirement as to Residence) Act 1957 44
Public Financial Institutions (Obligation as to Fidelity and Secrecy) Act 1983 48
Public Gambling Act 1867 03
Public Liability Insurance Act 1991 06
Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act 1971 40
Public Provident Fund Act 1968 23
Public Records Act 1993 69
Public Sector Iron and Steel Companies (Restructuring) and Miscellaneous 1978 16
Provisions Act
Public Servants (Inquiries) Act 1850 37
Public Suits Validation Act 1932 11
Public Wakfs (Extension of Limitation) Act 1959 29
Punjab District Boards Act 1883 20
Punjab Disturbed Areas Act 1983 32
Punjab Excise (Delhi Amendment) Act 1979 12
Punjab Gram Panchayat, Samities and Zilla Parishad (Chandigarh Repeal) Act 1994 27
Punjab Land Revenue Act 1887 17
Punjab Laws Act 1872 04
Punjab Legislative Council (Abolition) Act 1969 46
Punjab Municipal Corporation Law (Extension to Chandigarh) Act 1994 45
Punjab Reorganisation Act 1966 31
Punjab State Legislature (Delegation of Powers) Act 1984 36
Punjab Tenancy Act 1887 16
R Railway Claims Tribunal Act 1987 54
Railway Companies (Emergency Provisions) Act 1951 51
Railway Property (Unlawful Possession) Act 1966 29
Railway Protection Force Act 1957 23
Railway Protection Force (Amendment) Act 1985 60
Railways Act 1989 24
Railways Employment of Members of the Armed Forces Act 1965 40
Railways (Local Authorities' Taxation) Act 1941 25
Raipur and Khattra Laws Act 1879 19

Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (Transfer of Territories) Act 1959 47
Rajghat Samadhi Act 1951 41
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology Act 2007 54
Rajiv Gandhi University Act 2007 08
Rampur Raza Library Act 1975 22
Reciprocity Act 1943 09
Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 18
Name of the Act Year Act No
-- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- ------------------------------------------------------
R Recovery of Debts Due to Banks and Financial Institutions Act 1993 51
Red Cross Society (Allocation of Property) Act 1936 18
Reformatory Schools Act 1897 08
Regional Rural Banks Act 1976 21
Registration Act 1908 16
Registration of Births and Deaths Act 1969 18
Registration of Foreigners Act 1939 16
Rehabilitation Council of India Act 1992 34
Rehabilitation Finance Administration Act 1948 12
Religious Endowments Act 1863 20
Religious Institutions (Prevention of Misuse) Act 1988 41
Religious Societies Act 1880 01
Remittances of Foreign Exchange and Investment in Foreign Exchange Bonds 1991 41
(Immunities and Exemptions) Act
Rent Recovery Act 1853 06
Repatriation of Prisoners Act 2003 49
Representation of the People Act 1950 43
Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 1989 21
Representation of the People Act 1951 43
Representation of People (Amendment) Act, 2009 2009 41
Representation of the People (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1956 88
Requisitioned Land (Apportionment of Compensation) Act 1949 51
Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act 1952 30
Research and Development Cess Act 1986 32
Reserve Bank (Transfer of Public Ownership) Act 1948 62
Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 02
Reserve Bank of India (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1953 54
Reserve and Auxiliary Air Forces Act 1952 62
Resettlement of Displaced Persons (Land Acquisition) Act 1948 60
Revenue, Bombay 1842 13
Revenue Commissioners, Bombay 1842 17
Revenue Recovery Act 1890 01
Richardson and Cruddas Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of Under- 1972 78
takings) Act
Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 2009 35
Right to Information Act 2005 22
River Boards Act 1956 49
Road Transport Corporations Act 1950 64
Rubber Act 1947 24
S SAARC Convention (Suppression of Terrorism) Act 1993 36
Salar Jung Museum Act 1961 26
Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament Act 1954 30
Salaries and Allowances of Ministers Act 1952 58
Salaries and Allowances of Ministers (Amendment) Act, 2010 2010 02
Salaries and Allowances of Officers of Parliament Act 1953 20
Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act 1977 33
Sale of Goods Act 1930 03
Sales of Land for Revenue Arrears 1845 01
Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act 1976 11
Sales Tax Laws Validation Act 1956 07
Salt Cess Act 1953 49
Sarais Act 1867 22
Sashatra Seema Bal Act 2007 53
Scheduled Areas (Assimilation of Laws) Act 1951 37
Scheduled Areas (Assimilation of Laws) Act 1953 16
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 1956 63
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 1976 108
Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989 33
Scheduled Securities (Hyderabad) Act 1949 07
Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition
of Forest Rights) Act 2007 02
Science and Engineering Research Board Act 2009 09
Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 19

Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
S Seamen's Provident Fund Act 1966 04
Seaward Artillery Practice Act 1949 08
Securities and Exchange Board of India Act 1992 15
Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act 1956 42
Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of 2002 54
Security Interest Act
Seeds Act 1966 54
Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Design Act 2000 37
Sheriff of Calcutta (Power of Custody) Act 1931 20
Sheriffs' Fees Act 1852 08
Shillong (Rifle Range and Umlong) Cantonments Assimilation of Laws Act 1954 31
Shipping Development Fund Committee (Abolition) Act 1986 66
Shore Nuisances (Bombay and Kolaba) Act 1853 11
Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985 1986 01
Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Repeal Act, 2003 2004 01
Sick Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Act 1974 57
Sick Textile Undertakings (Taking Over of Management) Act 1972 72
Sikh Gurdwaras (Supplementary) Act 1925 24
Sikkim University Act 2007 10
Sir Dinshaw Maneckjee Petit Act 1893 06
Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy Baronetcy Act 1915 10
Slum Areas (Improvement and Clearance) Act 1956 96
Small Coins (Offences) Act 1971 52
Small Industries Development Bank of India Act 1989 39
Smith, Stainstreet and Company Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1977 41
Undertakings) Act
Smugglers and Foreign Exchange Manipulators (Forfeiture of Property) Act 1976 13
Societies Registration Act 1860 21
Sonthal Parganas Act 1855 37
Sonthal Parganas Act 1857 10
South Asian University Act 2009 08
Special Court (Trial of Offences Relating to Transactions in Securities) Act 1992 27
Special Criminal Courts (Jurisdiction) Act 1950 18
Special Economic Zones Act 2005 28
Special Marriage Act 1954 43
Special Protection Group Act 1988 34
Specific Relief Act 1963 47
Spices Board Act 1986 10
The Spirituous Preparations (inter-State Trade and Commerce) Control
(Repeal) Act, 2006. 2006 32
Sports Broadcasting Signals (Mandatory sharing with Prasar Bharti) Act 2007 11
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, 1980 52
Trivandrum Act
Stage-Carriages Act 1861 16
Standards of Weights and Measures Act 1976 60
Standards of Weights and Measures (Enforcement) Act 1985 54
Standards of Weights and Measures (Extension to Kohima and Mokokchung 1967 25
Districts) Act
State Acquisition of Lands for Union Purposes (Validation) Act 1954 23
State Agricultural Credit Corporation Act 1968 60
State Armed Police Forces (Extension of Laws) Act 1952 63
State Associated Banks (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1962 56
State Bank of Hyderabad Act 1956 79
State Bank of India Act 1955 23
State Bank of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act 1959 38
State Bank of Saurashtra (Repeal) and the State Bank of India
(Subsidiary Bank) Amendment Act, 2009 2009 48
State Bank of Sikkim (Acquisition of Shares) and Miscellaneous 1982 62
Provisions Act
State Emblems of India (Prohibition of Improper Use) Act 2005 50
State Financial Corporations Act 1951 63
Alphabetical List - Central Acts

PAGE: 20

Name of the Act Year Act No
- -------------------------------------------------- ---------- -------------------------------------------------------
S State of Arunachal Pradesh Act 1986 69
State of Himachal Pradesh Act 1970 53
State of Mizoram Act 1986 34
State of Nagaland Act 1962 27
States Reorganisation Act 1956 37
Sugar-Cane Act 1934 15
Sugar Cess Act 1982 03
Sugar Development Fund Act 1982 04
Sugar (Regulation of Production) Act 1961 55
Sugar Undertaking (Taking over of Management) Act 1978 49
Suits Valuation Act 1887 07
Suppression of Unlawful Acts against Safety of Civil Aviation Act 1982 66
Suppression of Unlawful Acts against Safety of Maritime Navigation and 2002 69
Fixed Platform on Continental Shelf Act
Supreme Court Advocates (Practice in High Courts) Act 1951 18
Supreme Court (Enlargement of Criminal Appellate Jurisdiction) Act 1970 28
Supreme Court Judges ( Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act 1958 41
Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Act 1956 55
Swadeshi Cotton Mills Company Limited (Acquisition and Transfer of 1986 30
Undertakings) Act
T Tamil Nadu Agricultural Service Co-operative Societies (Appointment of 1988 22
Special Officers) Amendment Act
Tamil Nadu Legislative Council Act 2010 16
Taxation Laws (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1965 41
Taxation Laws (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1986 46
Taxation Laws (Continuation and Validation of Recovery Proceedings) Act 1964 11
Taxation Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act 1954 41
Taxation Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act 1972 25
Tea Act 1953 29
Tea Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Sick Tea Units) Act 1985 37
Technology Development Board Act 1995 44
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act 1997 24
Telegraph Wires (Unlawful Possession) Act 1950 74
Terminal Tax on Railway Passengers Act 1956 69
Territorial Army Act 1948 56
Territorial Waters, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and Other 1976 80
Maritime Zones Act
Terrorist Affected Areas (Special Courts) Act 1984 61
Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Act 1995 39
Textile Undertakings (Taking Over of Management) Act 1983 40
Textiles Committee Act 1963 41
Tezpur University Act 1993 45
Tobacco Board Act 1975 04
Tobacco Cess Act 1975 26
Tobacco Duty (Town of Bombay) Act 1857 04
Tokyo Convention Act 1975 20
Trade Marks Act 1999 47
Trade Unions Act 1926 16
Trading with the Enemy (Continuance of Emergency Provisions) Act 1947 16
Transfer of Evacuee Deposits Act 1954 15
Transfer of Prisoners Act 1950 29
Transfer of Property Act 1882 04
Transfer of Property (Amendment) Supplementary Act 1929 21

Alphabetical List - Central Acts
PAGE: 21
Name of the Act Year Act No
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s.radhakrishna works

The effect of western writers on Hindu scholars.

The primacy of English education and the abundance of biased literature regarding the history and the Vedic religion affected the Hindu society a great deal. The wrong historical dates of Hindu dynasties and the notable personalities that they fixed, especially Buddh, Chandragupt and Ashok, became a guideline, and many Hindu writers followed the same wrong trend.

Certain great scholars and the so-called patriots of India also had profound effects of western education on their minds that held the feeling of lowness for Hindu culture, history and religion. They too collected the intellectual dirt of the western writers and used it in their writings.

Not knowing what were they doing, their writings like: “Ram was only a good man. He was not God.” betrayed and confused millions of Hindus and contempted the authentic writings of Ved Vyas which are the national treasures of India.

We will give you a few examples.

S. Radhakrishnan (1888-1975).
His brief biography: Born near Madras, South India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan showed his intelligence since childhood. He received a Master’s degree in Arts from Madras University. His essay on “Ethics of the Vedant” (as a partial fulfillment for his Master’s degree) was highly appreciated by professor A.G. Hogg as it contained the boldness of thought and the neglect for the personal form of God.

In 1909 he was appointed to the Department of Philosophy of the Madras Presidency College. In 1918 he was appointed as a professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore and in 1921 he was appointed at the University of Calcutta. In 1926 he represented the University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire. From 1936 to 1939 he was appointed as a professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University, in 1939 he was elected as ‘Fellow of the British Academy’, and from 1939 to 1948 he was Vice Chancellor of the Benares Hindu University. He was the Vice President of India from 1952 to 1962 and he also held the Office of the Chancellor, Delhi University from 1953 to 1962. In 1962 he was elected the President of India.

He was known as a world figure in philosophy. Renowned for his philosophical writings and lectures, he had collected enormous information in his brain by reading all the books of the European writers who wrote about Indian scriptures, religion and history. He was a bookworm, and had also extensively studied western philosophy. South Indian brahmans used to do elaborate Vedic rituals in their temple ceremonies and they are famous for their correct Sanskrit pronunciation. Radhakrishnan had a slighting attitude toward them since the beginning.

The derogative views of Radhakrishnan about Hindu religion and scriptures.
We have written about Jones, Max Müller and the other writers of that group. Radhakrishnan was not only their admirer, he was the promoter of their views which is clearly evident from his writings. His prejudicial attitude toward the Vedic religion and sneering opinions about the historical Divine Masters and their writings are seen in every book he wrote. See a few examples:

Indian Philosophy Vol. I, first print 1923, reprint 1996. Indian Philosophy Vol. II, first print 1927, reprint 1996. The Bhagavadgita first print 1948, reprint 1994. The Principal Upanisads first print 1953, reprint 1995.

(About the early Hindus of Vedic religion)

“Man’s never-ceasing effort to raise himself above the level of the beast to a moral and spiritual height finds a striking illustration in India.” (Indian Philosophy Vol. II, p. 766)

(About the Rigved)

“The process of god-making in the factory of man’s mind cannot be seen so clearly anywhere else as in the Rg-Veda.” (Indian Philosophy Vol. I, p. 73)

(About the Atharvaved)

“The religion of the Atharva-Veda is that of the primitive man, to whom the world is full of shapeless ghosts and spirits of death.”

“The world becomes crowded with goblins and gods, and the catastrophes of the world are traced to dissatisfied spirits… The terrific powers could only be appeased by bloody sacrifices, human and animal… The religion of the Atharva-Veda is an amalgam of Aryan and non-Aryan ideals.” (Vol. I, pp. 119, 120)

(About the Upnishads)

“The Upanisads contain the earliest records of Indian speculation… they contain much that is inconsistent and unscientific.” (Vol I, p. 138)

(About the Puranas)

“The Puranas are the religious poetry of the period of the schools, representing through myth and story, symbol and parable, the traditional view of God and man… They were composed with the purpose of undermining, if possible, the heretical doctrines of the times.” (Vol. II, p. 663)

(About the Yog Darshan of Patanjali)

“The popular cult of magic is mixed up with the religious scheme of salvation in the Yoga.”

“Sometimes psychic powers are also attained by the use of drugs and anaesthetics. Narcotic intoxication and ecstatic state are confused by the popular mind. The use of drugs is not recommended in Patanjali’s Yoga, though it is mentioned as one of the ways of obtaining perfections. Thus the habit of drug intoxication prevalent in primitive tribes was mixed up with the higher mysticism of the Yoga. Spells and austerities also help us in acquiring these powers.” (Vol II, pp. 366, 368)

(About Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his disciples)

“The orthodox were much disturbed by his startling ways. He accepted converts from Islam freely… His disciples, Rupa and Sanatana, were renegade converts to Islam and outcasts from the Hindu society.” (Vol. II, p. 761)

The Vedas and the Upnishads were originally produced by the Rishis, then, about 5,000 years ago, they were all reproduced by Bhagwan Ved Vyas. The Upnishads contain the knowledge about God, maya, soul and His devotion which is further explained in the systematically written short sentences of the Brahm Sutra by Ved Vyas who also revealed all the Puranas. Sage Patanjali expounded the yogic theme of the Upnishads in his Yog Darshan which explains the eightfold path of yogic practice to fully eliminate the worldly desires and to purify the heart so that the yogi could become qualified to receive and to retain the Divine knowledge of the supreme God.

The writer of the “Indian Philosophy,” Radhakrishnan, calls the early Hindus ‘the beast’ and the Divine wisdom of the Rishis ‘the god-making factory,’ and defines the Vedic religion as ‘the religion of the primitive man in the world of ghosts and goblins who were only satisfied with bloody sacrifices.’ He speaks of the teachings of the Upnishads and the Puranas as ‘speculation, myth, parables and heretical doctrines;’ criticizes the Brahm Sutra, and tells that the higher mysticism of Yog Darshan was mixed up with drug intoxication.

No true Hindu can utter such words for our Divine scriptures and the Vedic religion. They are all tamoguni writings.

His wiliness, antipathy towards our acharyas and his inclination towards Christianity.
Radhakrishnan criticizes Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who is the most adorable figure to millions of Hindus, and degrades the most respected rasik Saints of Vrindaban, Roop and Sanatan Goswami, by calling them ‘renegade converts to Islam and the outcasts from the Hindu society.’

He doesn’t stop over there. To justify the Aryan invasion fiction, he condemns the entire history of all the manvantars by telling that ‘Indian civilization is about 4,000 years old’ in Volume I, page 46, of his book the “Indian Philosophy”; and in Volume II, page 656, he draws a parallel between the description of God (brahm) of the Upnishads with the description of God in the Jewish and Christian religious book (the Bible).

It may be shocking for some people to know that the world renowned philosopher, bearing the prestige of having the seat of Vice President and the President of India for many years, had a leaning towards the western Christian faith and had anti-Vedic thoughts in his head, which he covered behind the big turban that showed the sign of Hinduism. But the fact is, that his own statements are the evidences of his own duplicitous character, when he writes,

“To love God is to take up the cross. The surrender of the soul to the heavenly Bridegroom… a metaphor not peculiar to India.” (Vol. I, p. 495)

“To take up the cross” is a pure Christian saying which means to do everything for the sake of Christianity. But taking the example of a general Christian proverb and befitting it with the occasion of maharas and with the unlimited depth of Gopis’ love for Krishn whose Divine sweetness surpassed all the forms of Divine Blissfulness, positively expresses the total anglicization of Radhakrishnan’s mind.

In the introduction of “The Principal Upanisads,” page 35, while describing the creation aspect, he compares the creation theory of the Upnishads with the Bible and the Iliad which was composed by a blind bard of Greece, Homer. He writes:

“Before creation all this was darkness shrouded in darkness, an impenetrable void or abyss of waters.” (Footnote on page 35 in “The Principal Upanishads”: Genesis 1.2, where the Spirit of God is said to move on the face of the waters, and the Puranic description of Vishnu as resting on the Serpent Infinite in the milky ocean. Homer’s Iliad speaks of Oceanos as ‘the source of all things’ including even the gods.)

In the Indian Philosophy Vol. I, page 103, he writes,

“The personal God brooding over the waters the Narayana resting on the eternal Ananta. It is the god of Genesis who says, Let there be, and there was. ”

Here again Radhakrishnan compares the Divine greatness of Gracious and kind God Narain (Vishnu) with the wrathful God of the Old Testament (Genesis).

At one place the Kathopnishad describes the ascending dependability of soul, maya and God.

The meaning of this verse is, “Maya (the original cosmic power called prakriti) is beyond the soul and is more powerful than the soul; and beyond maya is God in His personal form (purushah). Beyond the personality of God there is no other (Divine) matter. He is the final goal of a soul.” The key word in this verse is purushah which means ‘the Personal form of God.’ But, Radhakrishnan alters the meaning of the word purushah from ‘the Personality of God’ to ‘spirit,’ because the New Testament (John 4/24) describes God as a ‘spirit.’ Thus he translates it like this,

“Beyond the great self (atma) is the unmanifest (prakriti); beyond the unmanifest is the spirit. Beyond the spirit there is nothing. That is the end of the journey; that is the final goal.” (The Principal Upanisads, p. 625)

In the New Testament whenever Jesus Christ is saying something, the words “Verily, Verily” are often used in the beginning of his statement. Radhakrishnan adopts the same style in his writings while translating the Upnishads. For instance,

“Non existent, verily, was this in the beginning. Therefrom, Verily, was existence produced.” (p. 548)

The reason of his being famous as an Indian philosopher.
There were two reasons: (a) His political status as the President of India, and (b) the ignorance of the common people about the quality of his writings. Hindus have tremendous faith in the Gita, Bhagwat, Ramayan and the Upnishads etc. Just the thought, that Radhakrishnan had translated the Gita and the Upnishads, gave an air of respect to him. Moreover, in the political field, he was well known to Indians as being a good politician, and people had a regard for him. His oratory was well known, and his presentation of a subject before the students was promising. All these things promoted his name. His appointment to the Oxford University as a Professor of Philosophy gave him a further rise, and his political distinction promulgated his fame when he became the President of India. The notion, that ‘the President of India’ had written books on Indian philosophy and translated the Gita, augmented his fame as a philosopher, and thus, he came to be known as a world figure in philosophy.

But, it was all in the air. Had the Indians in common known what really he had written about the Rishis, the Vedas, Bhartiya scriptures, our most revered acharyas and Saints and about the Divine descensions, Bhagwan Ram and Krishn, the story would have been entirely different.

More than ninety-five percent of the Indian population reads the scriptures that are published in Indian languages, so they remain unaware of the biasedness of his writings (which were written in English only). Very few who take higher education in the Indian philosophy and religion happen to study such books as those of Radhakrishnan and other similar Indian or European writers. By the time they finish their course they accumulate so much philosophical confusion in their mind by studying the works of worldly and incompetent writers that most of them lose faith in the devotional aspects of Hindu religion and develop a kind of no-regard feeling for the Divinity of the scriptures, Jagadgurus and the great historical Masters as well. Thus, it doesn’t matter to them what Radhakrishnan or any other writer has written about the religion, philosophy or the culture of India.

Many people who regarded Radhakrishnan as a philosopher have simply praised him without even knowing what he has actually written in his books. Moreover, no one has ever written genuine comments on his writings, and the common people of India and also the people of the world don’t indulge in the intricacies of the philosophy. So, the dark side of his writings always remained hidden, and that was a plus point on his part that maintained his image as a great Indian philosopher, which, in fact, was a false perspective of his personality.

The writings of Radhakrishnan were more damaging to Bhartiya religion as compared to the European writers.

The derogatory writings of the western scholars, as initiated by the British, left a great impact on the Indian minds. But the reconfirmation of those western views by Radhakrishnan had much more damaging effects and confused millions of scholars of philosophy and religion around the world by giving them entirely wrong input about Hindu philosophy, Hindu scriptures and the Hindu religion. Just examine some of his mis-translations.

The writings of Radhakrishnan were more damaging to Bhartiya religion as compared to the European writers.
The derogatory writings of the western scholars, as initiated by the British, left a great impact on the Indian minds. But the reconfirmation of those western views by Radhakrishnan had much more damaging effects and confused millions of scholars of philosophy and religion around the world by giving them entirely wrong input about Hindu philosophy, Hindu scriptures and the Hindu religion. Just examine some of his mis-translations.

His Upnishad and Gita translations.
How wrongly he has translated the Upnishads, it can be seen from his translations of some of the most important verses.

In the Taittariya Upnishad,

(a) The true meaning is: “He (the Supreme God) manifested and made Himself omnipresent in the visual world.” But Radhakrishnan translates it as, “That (God) made itself a soul.”

(b) The true meaning is, “He (sah = the Supreme Personality of God Himself) is the Bliss; whoever perceives the Blissful God becomes blissful forever.” But Radhakrishnan translates it as, “That, verily, is the essence of existence (the existing mayic world). For, truly, on getting the essence, one becomes blissful.” (The Principal Upanisads, p. 549)

The word sah means, “the personal form of God” only. All the Jagadgurus have given detailed explanations on this particular verse, however, Radhakrishnan has his own way.

See his translations of the Gita.

The verse 15/6 “” tells about the existence of Krishn’s Divine abode (called the Golok), which is beyond maya and where the material sun, moon and fire do not exist (because it is Divinely illuminated). That ‘param dham,’ the eternal and absolute abode of Krishn, is such a Divine abode where God realized Saints go and (while perceiving the absolute Bliss) they live there forever and they never reincarnate in the material world. But Radhakrishnan gives his comment on this verse and says, “This verse refers to the Immutable Brahman which can be reached by ascetic practices.” (The Bhagavadgita, p. 328)

See more extracts from The Indian Philosophy Vol. I & II (IP/I,II) and the Principal Upanishads (PU).

Rigved has the impassionate utterances of the primitive poetic souls. (IP/I-71)

Atharvaved contains the pre-Vedic animist religion of spirits and ghosts. It gives an idea of demonology prevalent in the tribes of India. (PU-45;IP/I-121)

The earliest Vedic seers worshipped nature… the Vedic gods were stupidly self-centered… gods and ghosts governed the life of people. (IP/I-121)

The Upnishads (aranyakas) are the speculations of the hermits. Their teachings are lost in the jumbled chaos of puerile superstition. (IP/I-355)

He (Radhakrishnan) cannot accept Krishn of the Puranas. It was only the unknown author of the Gita who made Krishn famous through his writings and devised him to pose as God (brahm). (IP/I-496, 521)

Ram was only a good man. He was not God. His religion is polytheistic and external.

In the theism of Ramanuja, his city of God, the heaven, where the redeemed souls dwell is not much different from the usual description of the paradise of the popular imagination. (This is the description of Vaikunth in the words of Radhakrishnan.) (IP/I-482)

Shankara’s arid logic made his system unattractive, and Ramanuja’s story of the other world carries no weight. (IP/II-711)

In the Chaitanya religion the ultimate reality is Vishnu, and there is nothing much in their theory (achintya bhedabhed vad). (IP/II-761)

You can see that the great philosopher Radhakrishnan, introducing his skeptical views, despises the Divineness of the philosophy and the religion of Bharatvarsh.

He calls the Vedic Rishis as primitive poets whose impassionate utterances are the Rigved. He says that Atharvaved incorporates the demonology of primitive tribes; Vedic gods are stupidly self-centered; and the Upnishads are childish superstitions.

He criticizes the Divinity of Krishn, and says that (Bhagwan) Ram was only a good man, not God. He condemns the Divine greatness of Vaikunth by calling it the imagined heaven of Ramanujacharya and says that Ramanujacharya’s story of the other world (Vaikunth) carries no weight, and the dull logic of Shankaracharya makes his theory unattractive. He refutes the most impressive theory of the Vaishnavas of Vrindaban, the achintya bhedabhed vad, and thus, degrading the Hindu religion and philosophy by all means, he promotes only the western orientalists at each and every step of his writings.

A question arises: If the Upnishads are superstitious, Vedas are the primitive utterances, and the writings of acharyas carry no weight in his eyes, why then has he wasted his time writing on the Indian philosophy and the Upnishads; and why was he visiting the universities lecturing on the Indian philosophy? Was he trying to show how useless the Hindu religion is?

In fact, the Upnishads contain the Divine knowledge about God and God realization, and the Gita, Bhagwatam, Ramayan, Mahabharat and the Puranas are the Divine writings in which the Divine glory of the supreme descensions of God (Bhagwan Ram and Krishn) are described. The acharyas and the Jagadgurus revealed the simple path of divine-love-devotion to God for the good of mankind and established the greatness of bhakti (devotion to supreme God) that encouraged uncountable souls of the world to rise above the mayic dependency and proceed towards the fulfillment of their inner self that always longed for the Divine love of the supreme Beloved of their soul.

But, Radhakrishnan’s derogatory writings confused millions of good souls looking for the path to God. Covering all the aspects of Hindu religion (the scriptures, the writings of the acharyas and the descensions of God) he tried to implode the entire structure of Hinduism.

Collecting the wrongs of the European writers (who were appointed by the British) he decorated his writings with that. It created an opening for the other Hindu writers of the 20th century to follow the same wrong tradition of despising the Sanskrit literature, religion and the ancient history that was planned and designed by the British diplomats to ruin the culture, the religion and the history of Bharatvarsh.

Such was the effect of the writings of the western orientalists and Radhakrishnan etc., on the Indian minds that a great number of Hindu writers followed the same wrong trend, and, on the same guidelines, a number of books were written in the last eighty years.